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ANALYSIS AND INTERPRETATION OF OT AND NT TEXTS
This line of research, following the methods typical of biblical sciences, studies the texts of both Testaments, with an interface of extra-biblical literature, but also intends to apply and evaluate the different exegetical methods and the new hermeneutical approaches.
HEITOR CARLOS SANTOS UTRINI
Methodology and Intertertextuality: The use of OT in the Gospels
St. Augustine, on the other hand, translated this relationship by stating that the New Testament is latent in the Old and the Old is evident in the New (Quaest. In Hept. 2.73). Currently, the method of reading the NT using the texts of the OT became popular in Brazil with the translation of the work of G. K. BEALE, “The use of the Old Testament in the New Testament: Exegesis and interpretation ”. São Paulo: Vida Nova, 2013. He is one of the many authors who have studied the theme. The present project aims to analyze the use of veterinary testament passages in the Gospels, evidencing their continuity, new intuitions or ruptures.
Exegesis of texts from the Synoptic Gospels
The gospels occupy a prominent place in the NT canon. The “Dei Verbum” itself indicates it by saying that “no one ignores that, among all the Scriptures, even the New Testament, the Gospels have the first place, while they are the main testimony of the life and doctrine of the Incarnate Word, our Savior. ”(N. 18). This line of research aims to analyze texts from the synoptic gospels aiming at further deepening their theology, highlighting themes such as Christology, pneumatology, ecclesiology, eschatology, ethics, among others. In addition, the history of the interpretation of texts will serve to perceive the advance in the understanding of singular passages.
LEONARDO AGOSTINI FERNANDES
Continuity, discontinuity and unity in the relations between Old and New Testament
In the last thirty years, both in the Catholic and Protestant academic spheres, there is a growing interest in the relationship between the Old and New Testaments. Biblical studies, conducted with the rigor of textual analysis methods, gained new contours with historical research, archaeological discoveries and the development of new methodologies that favored the textual, critical and intertextual reinterpretation of the references, citations and allusions of the OT present in the NT. Thus, today’s Christian exegesis has sought to read biblical texts historically, paying due attention to both the aspect of continuity and discontinuity, but with the purpose of highlighting the existing unity between the two Testaments. In this line of research, we seek to interpret and understand texts from the NT, realizing what there is in common and different between the two Testaments, entering with more property in the novelty of the NT in relation to the OT (cf. Heb 1,1-2) . The key to reading and interpreting is Jesus of Nazareth, recognized as Messiah and proclaimed Son of God, fullness of Revelation and, for this reason, he exerts par excellence that guarantees the authentic interpretation of the OT (cf. Lk 24,27), as did the NT authors.
Canonical interpretation and reading of prophetic texts
The project seeks to identify and determine the prophetic themes that help to understand the elements that would be at the origin of the different theologies present in the Old Testament from its final and canonical form. Among the main themes are: yôm YHWH; the sublimity of Zion; the monarchy, the priesthood and the prophets in conflict; the Torah in the prophets; the dynamics and influence of the exodus on prophetic texts; the messianic vocation, between identity and mission in biblical prophetism; the teshuvah in us and the prophets; social justice and the value of the human person; prophetic mediation as reconciliation and restoration of socio-family justice.
Themes inherent to the Pentateuch
The project seeks to articulate certain themes that are inherent to the Pentateuch and that affect the social, cultural and religious organization of post-exilic Israel: the figure and role of Moses; the sublimity of Zion; the centrality of the place of worship in Jerusalem; the reforms undertaken by Ezra and Nehemiah and their consequences; the hope deposited in the monarchy, in the priesthood and in messianism.
MARIA DE LOURDES CORRÊA LIMA
Biblical tradition and literature
Study of the antecedent and consequent tradition to the written crystallization of the Bible, analyzing the following themes: the passage from revelation to oral and written tradition; the question of the inspiration of the sacred texts; the handwritten tradition; the formation of all sacred texts; the consequent tradition and the interpretation of biblical texts. The phenomenon of intra-biblical reinterpretations will also be considered, either between old testamentary texts or between texts of the two Testaments.
Institution and theology in the Old Testament
Study of the main institutions of the Old Testament and their theological value in different types of text. Institutions to be studied: the monarchy; the priesthood and the temple.
The Hebrew verbal system in biblical prophetic literature
Study of the functioning of Hebrew verbal forms in narrative and poetic literature, from the perspective of textual linguistics.
Analysis of New Testament Biblical and Extra-Biblical books
Analysis of the various New Testament corpora: Synoptic Gospels, Acts of the Apostles, Joanine corpus (Gospel, Letters and Apocalypse), Pauline Letters corpus, Catholics and Hebrews corpus, Apocrypha or New Testament pseudepigraphs. Exegesis and interpretation of texts from the Biblical and Extra-Biblical books of the NT, as well as analysis of the Canon of the NT.
New Testament themes
The project seeks to study themes that are inherent to the New Testament in order to understand the scope and the historical and religious dimension of the texts, as well as the socio-cultural phenomena that are around them.
Semitic biblical rhetorical analysis
Conduct studies to deepen the knowledge of the Biblical Semitic Rhetorical Analysis Method, applying it to Old Testament and New Testament texts, Biblical and Extra-Biblical books. This Project is closely linked to the Research Group with CNPq, led by the same professor.